A healthy, balanced diet provides all the nutrients you need for general health, including oral health. Without the proper nutrients, your teeth and gums are more susceptible to cavities and infection.
Make sure you make the right dietary choices by following the recommendations in Canada’s Food Guide. You can download it free of charge from the Health Canada website or pick it up at a Centre local de services communautaires (CLSC).
Did you know?
Cocoa contains an active ingredient that can reduce the solubility of enamel. When added to milk, its properties combine with those of milk to prevent dental caries.
Chewing a piece of firm cheese thoroughly for at least one minute after a meal can help prevent cavities. Cheese contains proteins, calcium, phosphorus and fat, which all help to neutralize the acid that attacks tooth enamel.
Foods and their nutritional importance
Helps form bones and teeth.
Whole grain products, legumes, nuts and seeds.
Helps form bones and teeth and keep them healthy.
Milk, fatty fish (e.g. salmon, tuna) and eggs.
Important for the formation and health of bones, cartilage, teeth and gums.
Oranges, cantaloupes, kiwi fruits, red and green peppers and green vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage and romaine lettuce.
An essential part of bones and teeth; makes them stronger.
Milk, yoghurt, cheese, sardines, tinned salmon with bones, nuts, sesame seeds, soya beverages and tofu.
Along with calcium and vitamin D, important for forming and strengthening bones and teeth.
Milk, cheese, red meat, poultry, fish, seafood and grains.
Contributes to the mineralization of bones and teeth. Protects against cavities.
Fluoridated or natural drinking water, tea, coffee, oysters and liver.
A diet lacking in calcium and vitamin D increases the risk of gum disease, since these elements play an essential role in the formation of bones and teeth and in maintaining healthy gums. Drinking milk is a good way to meet your need for calcium, but also for vitamin D, since it is added to milk.