Diet

A healthy, balanced diet provides all the nutrients you need for general health, including oral health. Without the proper nutrients, your teeth and gums are more susceptible to cavities and infection.

Make sure you make the right dietary choices by following the recommendations in Canada’s Food Guide. You can download it free of charge from the Health Canada website or pick it up at a Centre local de services communautaires (CLSC).

Did you know?

Cocoa contains an active ingredient that can reduce the solubility of enamel. When added to milk, its properties combine with those of milk to prevent dental caries.

Chewing a piece of firm cheese thoroughly for at least one minute after a meal can help prevent cavities. Cheese contains proteins, calcium, phosphorus and fat, which all help to neutralize the acid that attacks tooth enamel.

Foods and their nutritional importance


Magnésium

MAGNESIUM

Role

Helps form bones and teeth.

Main sources

Whole grain products, legumes, nuts and seeds.

Vitamine D

VITAMIN D

Role

Helps form bones and teeth and keep them healthy.

Main sources

Milk, fatty fish (e.g. salmon, tuna) and eggs.

Vitamine C

VITAMIN C

Role

Important for the formation and health of bones, cartilage, teeth and gums.

Main sources

Oranges, cantaloupes, kiwi fruits, red and green peppers and green vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage and romaine lettuce.

Calcium

CALCIUM

Role

An essential part of bones and teeth; makes them stronger.

Main sources

Milk, yoghurt, cheese, sardines, tinned salmon with bones, nuts, sesame seeds, soya beverages and tofu.

Phosphore

PHOSPHORUS

Role

Along with calcium and vitamin D, important for forming and strengthening bones and teeth.

Main sources

Milk, cheese, red meat, poultry, fish, seafood and grains.

Fluor

FLUORIDE

Role

Contributes to the mineralization of bones and teeth. Protects against cavities.

Main sources

Fluoridated or natural drinking water, tea, coffee, oysters and liver.

Remember!

A diet lacking in calcium and vitamin D increases the risk of gum disease, since these elements play an essential role in the formation of bones and teeth and in maintaining healthy gums. Drinking milk is a good way to meet your need for calcium, but also for vitamin D, since it is added to milk.